HomeTechnologyMaking Farming More Sustainable with Tech and Science

Making Farming More Sustainable with Tech and Science

Sustainable agriculture is an agricultural system that takes environmental concerns into account. This system is one of the initiatives to preserve the world ecology, an increasing problem for several decades. At the same time, sustainable agriculture technology considers producers’ economic interests, allowing rational and, accordingly, cost-effective use of resources, including non-renewable ones. Another essential feature of this agricultural system is producing quality and healthy food. Thus, sustainable agriculture is beneficial from an economic, humanitarian, and environmental point of view. This article will look at this agricultural system’s features in more detail.

Sustainable Agriculture Methods

Sustainable farming can involve different methods and practices. Their choice depends on the farm type, geographic features, etc. At the same time, there are universal examples that will suit many farmers. Let’s consider a few of them.

Crop rotation and polycultures

The essence of both methods is to imitate natural principles, that is, to recreate the natural living conditions of plants and the soil state. Crop rotation means dividing the cultivation of different crops on the same area into successive periods. Therefore, this practice can significantly reduce soil depletion and is one of the most effective.

Polyculture means growing several plant types in one area. Usually, they consume different elements from the soil, and therefore this method also contributes to soil fertility preservation. Moreover, biodiversity is increasing, which is also beneficial from both an economic and environmental point of view. Essential benefits of these methods include reducing the pest spread and diseases and less dependence on pesticides and fertilizers.

Urban agriculture

Growing food close to home saves on transportation costs and reduces the environmental impact of gas emissions. The world’s urban population is constantly increasing, so urban agriculture is especially relevant. Today, there are already many ways to do sustainable agriculture in cities. It includes innovative systems such as indoor hydroponic and rooftop farms. One of the features of urban agriculture is limited areas. Therefore, vertical farming is actively developing in cities, including the previously mentioned systems. Among the advantages of this production type is the stability of the crop, which does not depend on changing natural conditions.

Biodynamic farming

This practice is based on the concept of “anthroposophy,” that is, managing a farm as a whole living organism, where all the elements support each other. In particular, the system assumes the biodiversity of plants, animals, and beneficial insects. It also implies a reduction in the attraction of external resources due to the clever use of internal ones. For example, it can be composting and cover cropping.

Tech and Science for Sustainability

In addition to various agricultural methods and practices, modern technologies and science help farmers develop sustainable agriculture. They optimize resource use, improve product quality, increase profits and reduce environmental impact. The clearest example of technology use is precision farming. It is an agricultural management system, which implies the complex use of different technologies:

  • Internet of Things (IoT);
  • Global position system (GPS);
  • Geographic information system (GIS);
  • Remote sensing.

Through this approach, farmers can pinpoint the optimal conditions for growing crops. For example, they can understand which part of a field needs fertilizers and determine the amount of water required for irrigation. Let’s take a closer look at how certain technologies benefit agriculture.

Satellites

Today, agriculture is increasingly using satellite data. With images from space, farmers can monitor the status of crops, soil, and the environment and plan actions. Moreover, satellite images allow you to analyze changes in a region over a long historical period, enabling companies to get a more objective picture of the territory and improve the forecast quality.

Variable-rate application

This technology allows you to control the number of pesticides, fertilizers, and seeds used in a field. With the help of special sensors, such applications analyze farm sections and determine the best option.

GPS and GIS

These technologies are critical to precision farming. GPS provides data on the exact location of the examined objects; GIS helps farmers collect and analyze geographic data. Also, technologies are used for mapping fields, managing agricultural machinery.

Self-driving farm equipment and drones

Robotic technology is increasingly common in various industries, and agriculture is no exception. The use of self-driving equipment saves time and labor costs and raises production safety because interaction with equipment often causes injuries in agriculture. Drones are also increasingly used in agriculture. They are suitable for irrigation and spraying of fields, plant growth monitoring, and soil analysis. Due to movement speed, these devices cope with such tasks faster than a person.

Thus, innovative agricultural methods and technologies make agriculture more sustainable and solve production and economic problems for farmers. And since new technologies are constantly emerging, the range of tasks to be solved is expanding. At the same time, modern apps become more and more accessible and therefore are suitable for both large companies and small farms.

Marya Vingethttps://themarketmail.com
Marya Vinget is a freelance writer who works for may content writing agencies and for personal blog owners. She loves to write about everything from Tech to entertainment, You can hire her for the versatile writing attitude.
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